First 100 Days Energy and Environmental Policy
The Green Party Platform:
Ecological and Energy Sustainability.
The human community is an element of the Earth community, not the other way around.
All human endeavors are situated within the dynamics of the biosphere. If we wish to have sustainable institutions and enterprises, they must fit well with the processes of the Earth. The ideology of industrialism, in both capitalist and communist countries, insists that modern society lives on top of nature and should rightly use and despoil the rest of the natural world as we desire—because any loss of the ecosystems is merely an “externality” in economic thought and because any problems can be addressed later by a technological fix. We are now living through the painful consequences of that arrogant, ignorant perspective. Many of our children suffer from accumulations of mercury and other toxins in their neurological systems, environmentally related cancer is on the rise, and our air and water are increasingly polluted. Meanwhile, our ecosystems are being compromised by the spreading presence of genetically engineered organisms.
Our houses and buildings, manufacturing processes, and industrial agriculture were all designed with the assumption of an endless supply of cheap and readily available fossil fuels. Pollution and despoiling the land were not part of the thinking. The Green Party, however, is optimistic about the alternatives that now exist and that could be encouraged through tax policy and the market incentives of fuel efficiency. We also challenge the grip of the oil, automotive, and automobile insurance industries that have managed to block or roll back progress in public mass transit. The gutting of subsidies for the railroads has meant not only fewer passenger routes but also the addition of thousands of large freight trucks on our highways, decreasing public safety and increasing pollution. We are committed to extending the greening of waste management by encouraging the spread of such practices as reduce, return, reuse, and recycle.
We strongly oppose the recent attempts to roll back the federal environmental protection laws that safeguard our air, water, and soil.
The President will implement the following plan within the first 100 days in office:
Energy: Rule making
1.The President will instruct the EPA to place a moratorium on new permits for coal fired-power plants, and will instruct the NRC that there will be no new nuclear power plants in the future. Existing nuclear plants will be decommissioned as expeditiously as possible, starting with the oldest plants, or plants with the most consistent violations first.
2. The President will instruct the EPA to enact rules which will:
a. Quickly, reduce by 90% the mercury emissions of coal-fired power plants by 2012.
b. Make rules reducing CO2 and SO2 emissions by 80% by the year 2020.
c. Regulate the disposal of coal-fired power plant wastes in a manner that will protect human health and the environment.
3. EPA will be instructed to impose a moratorium on new permits for mountain top coal removal, while the Administration works to ban the process. EPA, through rule making, will ban the dumping of mountain top removal wastes in stream beds and valleys.
4. NASA and other agency scientists will be encouraged to provide agency heads, and the President’s Council on Environmental Quality with the new data regarding climate change and environmental quality issues so that the President may inform the public and put in place policies to address new findings. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory will be funded to assist with a fast paced technology development project for the production of renewable energy sources.
5. The President will send to Congress a bill which will end gov’t subsidies to the nuclear and fossil fuel industries. These funds will be quickly diverted to development of mass transit systems on national, regional and local levels. In addition, the bill will create greater incentives for industry and citizens to reduce energy use through conservation and generate more renewable energy sources. The Bill will require that, on a national level, there will be a mandatory 25% renewable energy mix in the national grid by 2015. All states will be assisted (from oil and nuclear subsidy funds) to do the same; including, encouraging local generation as much as feasible.
6. President will send to Congress a bill to increase CAFÉ standards to 60 mpg for cars and 45 mpg for light trucks by 2012.
Agriculture: Rule making
1. The President will instruct the EPA to set a national phosphorus standard for all waters of the U.S. that will protect our steams from nutrient growth. Bacteria standards will be made stricter in order to protect human health. In states that have not set Total Maximun Daily Load (TMDL) standards (as required under the Clean Water Act since 1984), for impaired water bodies, the EPA will set deadlines for taking such action, or states will face the loss of primacy under the Clean Water Act.
2. The USDA will make rules requiring labels of imported foods, foods with growth hormones, and foods produced by CAFOs.
1. The President will send a bill to Congress which will stop export of any technology abroad for projects that involve fossil fuel or deforestation.
Toxics: Executive Order
1. In order for Tribal governments to utilize the availability of assistance and funds from the federal agencies to manage environmental issues and natural resources on their lands, the President will issue an Executive order that continues the Order originally issued by President Clinton, requiring that all federal agencies continue their policy of direct negotiation with Indian tribes on a government to government basis.
1. The President will require Congress to initiate a Superfund Tax Reauthorization Act in order to comply with the Superfund Authorization and Re-authorization Act of 1986 as amended to the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act of 1980.
2. The President will send a bill to Congress which will codify the Environmental Justice Executive Order 12,898, defining and protecting the rights of EJ communities to be free from new proposals for permits that would potentially increase their burden of toxic contamination, and prioritize these communities for cleanup.